Throughout this example and the ones that follow, we'll be using a business called George's Catering to illustrate each of the basic accounting transactions. We will specifically be looking at how each transaction affects the basic accounting equation.
Alright, so the first type of transaction we're going to be dealing with is the owners equity.
Let's use an example to see how this works.
George Burnham decides to start his own business, George’s Catering.
a) What is the first thing George is going to do? He’s going to invest in the business (he’s going to put some assets into the business). George decides to invest $15,000 of his personal funds into the business’s bank account. What happens to our equation?
George’s Catering now consists of assets (bank) of $15,000.
A business is started by the owner. The owner invests his assets in the business so that the business will produce a profit for him.
The investment of assets in a business by the owner or owners is called capital. The owner’s stake in the business (the owner’s equity) increases when he invests assets in the business, because it is his assets. Notice that liabilities (debts to external parties) are unaffected. Their stake in the assets of the business does not change (still $0), because they had nothing to do with this.
As you can see above, both sides of the equation are affected – one to increase the assets, and one to increase the owner’s equity. In other words, we are showing that the owner has put in more assets to the business, and these assets belong to him.
Click below to see questions and exercises on this same topic from other visitors to this page... (if there is no published solution to the question/exercise, then try and solve it yourself)
Statement of Owners Equity Exercise
Use the trial balance below to prepare the statement of changes in equity. Trial Balance Date Account Description Debits Credits Cash 25,000 …
Journal Entries, T-Accounts and Trial Balance Exercise
You are required to enter the following transactions for May 19-5. The accounts are then to be balanced off and a trial balance extracted as at 31 May …
General Journal Entry for
Q: I am trying to do a general journal entry for the following and was having trouble, could you help me with what accounts to debit and credit in this …
Earning Increases Owners Equity
Q: Please explain, with an example, how earnings increases owners equity? A: See the lesson called Define Income for how earnings or income increases …
Owner's Equity vs. Assets
Q: Is the owner's equity and assets always the same? A: Dona, owner's equity and assets are never the same. Please see my lessons on each of these …